Aplenzin (bupropion hydrobromide)Company: Biovail Laboratories
Approval Status: Approved April 2008
Treatment for: Major depressive disorder
Areas: Psychiatry / Psychiatric
Aplenzin is an orally-active enhanced-absorption salt of bupropion. It belongs to the class of antidepressants known as aminoketones.
Aplenzin is specifically indicated for the treatment of major depresive disorder.
Aplenzin is supplied as a tablet designed for oral administration. The tablets come in 174 mg, 348 mg and 522 mg strengths. The recommended initial dose of the drug is 348 mg/day, given once daily in the morning. Dosing with Aplenzin should begin at 174-mg/day given as a single daily dose in the morning. If the 174 mg initial dose is adequately tolerated, an increase to the 348-mg/day target dose, given as once daily, may be made as early as day 4 of dosing. There should be an interval of at least 24 hours between successive doses. The full antidepressant effect of Aplenzin may not be evident until 4 weeks of treatment or longer. An increase in dosage to the maximum of 522 mg/day, given as a single dose, may be considered for patients in whom no clinical improvement is noted after several weeks of treatment at 348 mg/day.
Caution should be taken in patients with hepatic impairment; the dose should not exceed 174 mg every other day, as well as in subjects with renal impairment.
FDA approval of Aplenzin was based on the results of two 4-week, placebo-controlled trials and one 6-week, placebo-controlled trial. In the first study, subjects were titrated in a bupropion hydrochloride dose range of 300 to 600 mg/day of the immediate-release formulation on a three times daily schedule; 78% of patients received maximum doses of 450 mg/day or less. This trial demonstrated the effectiveness of bupropion on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) total score, the depressed mood item (item 1) from that scale, and the Clinical Global Impressions (CGI) severity score. A second study included 2 fixed doses of the immediate-release formulation of bupropion hydrochloride (300 and 450 mg/day) and placebo. This trial demonstrated the effectiveness of bupropion, but only at the 450mg/ day dose of the immediate-release formulation; the results were positive for the HDRS total score and the CGI severity score, but not for HDRS item 1. In the third study, outpatients received 300 mg/day of the immediate-release formulation of bupropion hydrochloride. This study demonstrated the effectiveness of bupropion on the HDRS total score, HDRS item 1, the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale, the CGI severity score, and the CGI improvement score.
In a longer-term study, outpatients meeting DSM-IV criteria for major depressive disorder, recurrent type, who had responded during an 8-week open trial on bupropion hydrochloride (150 mg twice daily of the sustained-release formulation) were randomized to continuation of their same dose of bupropion or placebo, for up to 44 weeks of observation for relapse. Response during the open phase was defined as CGI Improvement score of 1 (very much improved) or 2 (much improved) for each of the final 3 weeks. Relapse during the double-blind phase was defined as the investigator’s judgment that drug treatment was needed for worsening depressive symptoms. Patients receiving continued bupropion treatment experienced significantly lower relapse rates over the subsequent 44 weeks compared to those receiving placebo.
Ongoing Study Commitments
- Biovail has agreed to a deferred pediatric study under PREA for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder in pediatric patients ages 7 to 17.
Final Report Submission: 5 years from the date of approval
Adverse events associated with the use of Cimzia may include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Dry mouth
- abdominal pain
- urinary frequency
Mechanism of Action
Aplenzin is an orally-active enhanced-absorption salt of bupropion. It belongs to the class of antidepressants known as aminoketones. Aplenzin is chemically unrelated to tricyclic, tetracyclic, selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor, or other known antidepressant agents. The mechanism of action of bupropion is unknown, however it is presumed that the action is mediated by noradrenergic and/or dopaminergic mechanisms.
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Aplenzin Drug Information
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