50% Of Alzheimer's Cases Preventable With Lifestyle ChangesMain Category: Alzheimer's / Dementia
Also Included In: Preventive Medicine
Article Date: 19 Jul 2011
More than 50% of cases of Alzheimer's Disease could be prevented through lifestyle changes and reducing major risk factors like low education, smoking, lack of exercise, and treating and preventing chronic conditions like depression, diabetes and mid-life high blood pressure and obesity, say researchers from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF).
The authors of the study were Dr Deborah Barnes, an associate professor of psychiatry at UCSF, and a mental health researcher at the San Francisco VA Medical Center, and Dr Kristine Yaffe, professor of psychiatry, neurology and epidemiology at UCSF. You can read how they analyzed data from studies around the world involving hundreds of thousands of participants and arrived at these findings in the 19 July early online issue of The Lancet Neurology.
There are currently about 33.9 million people worldwide with Alzheimer's Disease, with three times this number expected by 2050.
Barnes and Yaffe investigated the available evidence on seven potentially modifiable risk factors for Alzheimer's Disease. They projected how reduction in these factors might affect the prevalence of the disease by calculating the percentage of cases tied to a given factor, and the number of cases that might be prevented if each factor were reduced by 10% and 25%, both worldwide and in the US.
The seven modifiable risk factors that they investigated were: diabetes, high blood pressure in mid-life, obesity in mid-life, smoking, depression, low educational attainment or cognitive inactivity, and physical inactivity.
They found that:
"What's exciting is that this suggests that some very simple lifestyle changes, such as increasing physical activity and quitting smoking, could have a tremendous impact on preventing Alzheimer's and other dementias in the United States and worldwide."
However, she did warn we should be somewhat circumspect in our interpretation of the results, since she and her team have assumed that these factors actually cause Alzheimer's:
"We are assuming that when you change the risk factor, then you change the risk. What we need to do now is figure out whether that assumption is correct," she cautioned.
However, given the huge number of cases involved, and that it might not be unreasonable to assume some causative effect here, then many might be disposed to agree with Yaffe, who said:
"It would be extremely significant if we could find out how to prevent even some of those cases."
Funds from the Alzheimer's Association, the National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression, the UCSF School of Medicine and the National Institute on Aging, helped pay for the study, which also featured recently at the 2011 meeting of the Alzheimer's Association International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease in Paris.
"The projected effect of risk factor reduction on Alzheimer's disease prevalence."
Deborah E Barnes, Kristine Yaffe.
The Lancet Neurology, Early Online Publication, 19 July 2011
Link to Abstract.
Additional source: University of California San Francisco.
Written by: Catharine Paddock, PhD
Copyright: MediLexicon International Ltd
Original article posted on Medical News Today.
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